22 December 1666
Patna, Bihar, India
Died 7 October 1708 (aged 42)
Nanded, Maharashtra, India
Known for 10th Sikh Guru
Title Guru Sahib of Sikhs
Predecessor Guru Tegh Bahadur
Successor Guru Granth Sahib and Guru Panth
Spouse Mata Jito a.k.a. Mata Sundari
Children Ajit Singh
Parents Guru Teg Bahadur, Mata Gujri
Guru Gobind Singh (Punjabi: ਗੁਰੂ ਗੋਬਿੰਦ ਸਿੰਘ, IPA: [gʊɾu gobɪnd sɪ́ŋg]); 22 December 1666 – 7 October 1708) was the tenth Guru of Sikhism. He was born in Sikh Hunjan near Patna, Bihar in India and became a Guru on 11 November 1675, at the age of nine years, succeeding his father Guru Tegh Bahadur. He was the leader of the Sikh faith, a warrior, a poet, and a philosopher. In the Sikh society, Guru Gobind Singh is considered an epitome of chivalry; scholar, skilled in horsemanship, armed combat, chivalrous, and generous in character.
Guru Gobind Singh’s life and teachings have had a lasting impression on Sikh ideology as well as in their daily life. His establishment of the Khalsa in 1699 is considered as one of the most important events in history of Sikhism. He fought several defensive battles with the Mughals and their alliances, such as Rajas of Shivalik Hills. Guru Gobind Singh was the last human Sikh Guru; and in Nanded he declared the Guru Granth Sahib, the holy scripture of Sikhism, as the final Sikh Guru on October 7, 1708.